Most people realize that water is needed to sustain life. However, many don’t have a clear understanding of how their home’s water supply system actually works. If you know the basics about how your home’s water supply system functions, you will be in a better position to recognize potential problems and deal with them more effectively.
If you are experiencing problems with your home’s water supply, there are several things that can help you determine where the problem lies:
- What type of water service do you have (private well or public)?
- How old is the house?
- Have any new fixtures been installed?
Water Supply System Components
- The water supply system components that we’ll be looking at are the main well pump, a submersible well pump, the pressure switch, and an expansion tank.
- The main well pump is used to pull water from the source.
- A submersible well pump is generally located deep inside the well and can be used alongside or in place of a main well pump.
- The pressure switch turns on or off as necessary to regulate pumping speed by using air pressure in the tank.
- An expansion tank absorbs some of the excess water flow when it enters your home and prevents damage to pipes or other parts of your system by reducing any surge in pressure.
Well Pumping Systems
Mark your calendar for the first week of March. That’s when you’re going to learn a lot about water-based technologies, and you’ll be talking with experts throughout that time. It should be an educational day, but it’ll also be fun.
This year we’re teaching you about water supply systems and how to inspect, clean, and maintain wells. If you’ve ever been around a well or have family who has one (or if you’re planning on building your own), this course is going to teach you all kinds of useful information—about pipes and pumps that work together, how to diagnose problems and fix them, how much water supply is available at any given moment, what causes problems with your well system in the wintertime, why your taps may feel as though they aren’t working and what can be done about it…
A well tank is a storage tank that holds water. It is essential for any household that relies on a private well for their water source. Without a way to store the water, you would have no access to it between pump cycles. The pressure switch of your well system turns the pump on whenever the water pressure in the tank drops below a set point.
This means it’s important to size your tank correctly based on the needs of your home and family. A properly functioning well tank provides you with constant and consistent access to pressurized water, but an incorrectly sized one can cause trouble down the road if there isn’t enough stored water between pump cycles.
Pump tanks are used to store water for household use, and they work similarly to well tanks. However, well tanks are designed specifically for well systems only, while pump tanks can be used with non-well systems such as city water. A pump tank is simply a water storage tank that is connected to the home’s water supply line. When a faucet or toilet is turned on, the system will automatically fill the pump tank before pumping out of it for use in the house.
Well Tanks and Pump Tanks – Sizing and Troubleshooting
In the event of a well failure, there are certain precautions that can be taken to ensure your safety and the safety of your family.
- If you suspect a well failure, contact your local fire department immediately. They will be able to determine if any nearby homes are in danger of water damage or what other actions may be necessary.
- Never try to pump out water yourself as it may cause serious injury or death, even if you have experience working with water pumps and other hand-pumps. A professional is best suited for this job.
- If a water problem should occur while the house is occupied, notify all occupants to close all doors and windows immediately and move away from the area where they can not easily exit in case there is an emergency need to evacuate.
Use this information to figure out what to do if your well system isn’t working correctly.
Some of the problems you may experience with your well system and their causes are listed below.
- If your water level in the pressure tank is not normal, there may be a problem with your pressure switch or bladder. You can check this by using a pressure gauge to measure how much air pressure is in the tank. The amount of air pressure should correspond to the water level, which should be tested once an hour for at least four hours. If it does not match, then there may be a problem with the system and you need more information about that specific problem to know what to do next.
- A clogged screen will cause low water flow and could lead to pump failure over time. You can check for this problem by looking at the top of your pump where it enters into a well casing; there should be no dirt or debris on top of any screens covering this area. If there is dirt and debris present, then you may need some help from a professional plumber who can remove these items without damaging anything else in your system such as pipes or wires that connect various components together like those used between pumps and tanks etc